We thus find that Northern Bengali is spoken by the following number of
Name of' District.
Number of Speakers*
Pabna » • .
• , .
Malda (Koch sub-dialect) .
Purnea (Siripuria sub-dialect)
The following points may be noticed regarding the form of the dialect spoken in
The system of spelling and pronunciation closely follows that of Central Bengal,
the more contracted forms of the verbal conjugation being as a rule followed. Here
and there we meet the letter I used instead of r, as in the word 6wUe for farirS, in a
As regards vocabulary note the use of the word tdbat, the Sanskrit tdvat> to mean
In the declension of nouns, there is a Locative Singular in et mat Examples are:
kazhtet, in trouble; pdyet, on foot ; kh&it, in the field; d§fat9 in the country; hatat,
on the hand; kdchhat, near. The Nominative Plural sometimes takes the same form as
that of the Instrumental Singular. Thus, chhdoydte, pronounced chhdwdte, children*
Besides the usual Genitive Plural ending in dert for diger> as in bidder, of harlots,
there is a similarly contracted Accusative Dative Plural, as in cMkardek, to the servants;
bandhudek* friends. In the Pronouns also, it will be seen that there is a tendency to
drop the final e of the Accusative-Dative termination ke.
In regard to the pronouns, the pronoun of the first person is h&mi, I. Its Accusa-
tive-Dative Singular is hdmdke, "or hamdk, its Genitive Singular is hdmdr, and its Nomi-
native Plural is hdmrd. Similarly, for the second person, tumi is ' thou,' the Genitive
Singular of which is tumor, and so on for the other cases. For the pronoun of the third
person, we have set he; tdk or tahdk, him, or to him; tdr&9 they; and tdyder, their. The
remaining pronouns exhibit no irregularities. Jekhan and tekhan mean c when * and
In the conjugation of verbs, there 'are irregularities in the personal terminations.
The second person, honorific, sometimes ends in en. Thus, den, you give; karilen, you
1 Eev'wed fignrw,